Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD) is a chronic condition manifesting in reverse push of stomach contents and acid back into the esophagus. This is happening because the lower oesophageal sphincter (a ring muscle valve between the stomach and the esophagus) is malfunctioning somehow.

GERD main symptoms

These symptoms are by no means rare among people.

●Acid indigestion: causes burning sensation in the chest, which normally lasts a few minutes and is normally stronger after having a meal;

●Reflux: is a reverse movement of the stomach contents into the throat;


● Pains in the chest and the stomach.

Disease diagnostics

In order to diagnose someone with GERD, some research procedures need to be performed, such as fiberoptic esophagogastroduodenoscopy, tracking the рН levels inside the esophagus, and endoscopic ultrasound. These methods assist in finding the stage and cause of the disease.

Methods of GERD Treatment

GERD treatment methods may vary depending on the stage and hardness of the disease. Some simpler cases may require a dietary change and some lifestyle modifications. The more serious cases may involve use of medication, which blocks formation of the stomach acid, as well as increases the tonus of the lower esophageal sphincter. Some rare cases may call for a surgery.

In the end, it is worth noting that, when discovered and treated early, GERD is easily treatable in the majority of patients without serious consequences to health.

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